وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَـٰكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةًۭ لِّلْعَـٰلَمِينَ
“We have sent you ˹O Prophet˺ only as a mercy for the whole world” Quran
Prophet Muhammad PBUH is commonly known as the Prophet of Islam, the Messengers Provide guidance and teaching on how to live a moral life. He is acknowledged by almost all Muslims as the guiding teacher and natural final prophet sent by Allah to mankind.
Introduction to the Biography:
Prophet Muhammad PBUH was born in Mecca in 570 AD. His father died before he was born and his mother died when he was six years old. He was raised by his grandfather and then by his uncle. When he was twelve years old, he accompanied his uncle on a business trip to Syria. It was on this trip that he first met different people from other cultures and religions.
When Muhammad PBUH was twenty-five years old, he married a wealthy widow named Khadijah bint Khuwaylid. This marriage opened up many opportunities for him to interact with different people from all walks of life. Prophet Muhammad PBUH began to learn about their beliefs and practices. It is believed that it was during this time that he started to receive revelations from God through the angel Gabriel.
In 610 AD, at the age of forty, Prophet Muhammad PBUH publicly proclaimed his Prophethood. At first, only a few people believed him but slowly more and more people started to accept his message. In 622 AD, he Migration to Medina with his followers where they were warmly welcomed by the Medinans. This event marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar.
In the Muslim world, it’s common to say that Islam began with the Prophet Muhammad and that history didn’t begin until he was born. While Western cultures are typically more interested in what happened before Muhammad, his legacy and impact on humanity are well-documented throughout history, both as part of the Quran and by historians around the world. No matter how you describe him or what your beliefs are, there’s no denying that he was one of the most influential people who ever lived.
The Early Years:
إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ وَمَلَـٰٓئِكَتَهُۥ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى ٱلنَّبِىِّ ۚ يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ صَلُّوا۟ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا۟
“Indeed, Allah showers His blessings upon the Prophet, and His angels pray for him. O, believers! Invoke Allah’s blessings upon him, and salute him with worthy greetings of peace.” Quran
Not much is known about Muhammad’s early life, but it is known that he married Khadija when he was 25 years old and that they had four daughters together. It is also believed that around this time he started having revelations from God which were later compiled into the Quran.
Muhammad PBUH began to have revelations from Allah at the age of 40. At first, he was unsure if these were truly from Allah or if he was just imagining them. But over time, as the revelations continued and became more clear, he realized that they were definitely from Allah.
He then began to preach these messages to the people of Mecca. Some believed him and accepted Islam right away, but others rejected him and ridiculed him. The powerful leaders of Mecca were threatened by Muhammad PBUH’s message and so they tried to stop him from preaching. But Muhammad PBUH continued, undeterred by their threats.
Eventually, the situation in Mecca became too dangerous for Muhammad PBUH and his followers and so they migrated to the city of Medina. This event, known as the Hijrah, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. In Medina, Muhammad PBUH continued to preach Islam, and slowly but surely more and more people began to accept it.
The Prophet Muhammad PBUH lived a simple life – he didn’t accumulate wealth or own property. He spent his days praying, fasting and
In 622 CE, Muhammad and his followers migrated from Mecca to Medina in what is known as the Hijra. This event marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. In Medina, Muhammad continued to receive revelations and began to gain more followers. He also started to preach about Islam and its message of peace.
The Islamic community in Medina slowly began to grow and soon became a force to be reckoned with. In 630 CE, Muhammad led an army of 10,000 Muslims back to Mecca where they conquered the city without any bloodshed. This event is known as the Triumph of Islam.
After the Triumph of Islam, Muhammad continued to spread the message of Islam throughout Arabia. He also sent envoys to different rulers in an attempt to convert them to Islam. By the time of his death in 632 CE, most of Arabia had converted to Islam
Makkah to Medina:
In 622, the Prophet Muhammad PBUH and his followers migrated from Mecca to Medina, a city some 320 kilometers north of Mecca. This event, known as the Hijrah, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. The Prophet Muhammad PBUH continued to live in Medina for ten years until his death.
In 622 AD, due to increasing persecution from the Meccans, Muhammad PBUH and his followers migrated to Medina where they were welcomed with open arms. This event is known as the Hijra (migration) and marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. In Medina, Muhammad PBUH continued to preach Islam and slowly won over many converts. He also established the first Muslim state with Medina as its capital.
In 630 AD, following eight years of peaceful relations with Mecca, Muhammad PBUH led an army of 10,000 Muslims to conquer Mecca without a single drop of blood being shed. The Meccans surrendered and many converted to Islam immediately afterward.
During this time, he not only consolidated the new Muslim community but also began to spread Islam beyond Medina. In 630, he conquered Mecca, which had been under the pagan rule for centuries. He then undertook a series of military campaigns against neighboring Arab tribes to spread Islam and bring them under Muslim rule. By the time of his death in 632, most of Arabia had converted to Islam.
After the Prophet Muhammad PBUH’s death, Abu Bakr succeeded him as the first caliph or leader of the Muslim community. Under Abu Bakr’s leadership, Muslim armies quickly expanded beyond Arabia, conquering Iraq and Syria within a few years.
The kindness and mercy of Muhammad, may peace be upon him, manifested at a very young age, when he was nicknamed Al-Amin—the trustworthy one. When he became an adult, he established himself as a great leader not only through his wisdom but also through his kindness to people. He never raised his voice or hand against anyone. He never took revenge for any harm done to him. He forgave even those who persecuted and tortured him for 13 years in Makkah after he received revelations from God. At that time, all people were either idolaters or pagans, except for a few Jews and Christians. In Makkah, Muhammad lived with his wife Khadijah (may Allah be pleased with her) and earned a living by trading goods.
When Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) immigrated to Madinah, he was hoping that one day his group would have their territory where they could practice their religion freely. After just a few years, Madinah’s population was so high that it became more secure than Makkah. The Muslim community formally established a state called The State of Madinah in 622 CE with Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as its leader. This is considered to be an important turning point in Islamic history because it is when Muslims began to take care of their affairs instead of relying on others. This period is known as The Medinan Period or Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah Period. It lasted until after Prophet Muhammad’s death when Caliph Abu Bakr took over and began running things during what we call The Early Caliphate Period. During these two periods, Islam spread rapidly throughout Arabia due to some significant battles like Badr and Uhud. Many tribes converted to Islam but some tribes fought against Prophet Muhammad and his followers for about 13 years before finally accepting Islam. Some notable figures from Madinah include Uthman ibn Affan, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Fatimah bint Rasheed, and Umar ibn al-Khattab.
Fruitless Attempts for Peace
The Prophet Muhammad PBUH made many attempts to bring peace to the Arabian Peninsula. However, these attempts were met with resistance from the people of Arabia. The Prophet Muhammad PBUH was a man of peace and tolerance. He preached forgiveness and reconciliation. However, the people of Arabia were not ready to accept his message of peace. They continued to fight amongst themselves and resisted the Prophet Muhammad PBUH’s efforts for peace.
Treaty of Hudaybiyya
“In 628, Muhammad led an expedition to the city of Mecca intending to perform the pilgrimage. This was a peaceful event, but the Meccans prevented his party from entering the city. After a period of negotiations, the two groups reached an agreement known as the Treaty of Hudaybiyya. This treaty allowed Muslims to enter Mecca for pilgrimage and also allowed them to spread Islam throughout Arabia.”
The Characteristics of the Prophet Muḥammad ﷺ
لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِى رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌۭ لِّمَن كَانَ يَرْجُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلْيَوْمَ ٱلْـَٔاخِرَ وَذَكَرَ ٱللَّهَ كَثِيرًۭا
“Indeed, in the Messenger of Allah you have an excellent example for whoever has hope in Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah often” Quran
Courage, honesty, compassion, generosity, and piety were only a few of Muḥammad’s characteristics that made him a highly admired leader during his lifetime. He possessed these positive qualities in such abundance that he is considered one of humankind’s greatest role models for good character traits and values. He taught Islam as an open-minded religion whose aim was to unite humanity under one God to bring about peace and harmony for all people regardless of race or creed. The Prophet Muḥammad saw would often pray to Allah, O Allah! I seek refuge with You from cowardice, miserliness, and stinginess; I seek refuge with You from evil thoughts, and I seek refuge with You from sins. He would also say, The strong man cannot wrestle well; he controls himself when he is in a fit of rage. And he would also say, If anyone of you becomes angry while standing then he should sit down. If anyone of you becomes angry while sitting then lie down. And if anyone of you becomes angry while lying down then let him sleep. Then he said, By Him in whose hand my soul is, one can never become truly perfect until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.
Early preaching and teachings:
يَـٰٓأَهْلَ ٱلْكِتَـٰبِ قَدْ جَآءَكُمْ رَسُولُنَا يُبَيِّنُ لَكُمْ عَلَىٰ فَتْرَةٍۢ مِّنَ ٱلرُّسُلِ أَن تَقُولُوا۟ مَا جَآءَنَا مِنۢ بَشِيرٍۢ وَلَا نَذِيرٍۢ ۖ فَقَدْ جَآءَكُم بَشِيرٌۭ وَنَذِيرٌۭ ۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىْءٍۢ قَدِيرٌۭ
“O People of the Book! Our Messenger has indeed come to you, making things clear to you after an interval between the messengers so you do not say, “There has never come to us a deliverer of good news or a warner.” Now there has come to you a deliverer of good news and a warner. And Allah is Most Capable of everything” Quran
As a young man, Muhammad was said to have been extremely honest, trustworthy, and gentle—traits that made him well-liked by his peers in Mecca. As he grew older, he took up several professions until becoming a merchant for some time. In his youth, he married Khadija (also spelled Kadijah), an older widow with children who became one of his first converts to Islam when she witnessed her husband slowly changing into a kinder, more generous person after having undergone visions from God. After Khadija’s death, Muhammad had nine wives; however, most scholars agree that four were particularly significant: Aisha (his favorite wife), Hafsa bint Umar bin al-Khattab, Sawda bint Zama’ah bin Qays, and Zaynab bint Jahsh. Each of these women played key roles in shaping Islamic society as we know it today. For example, during Muhammad’s lifetime, he encouraged men to marry widows and divorced women. Before he arrived in Medina, men had not shown much interest in such leftover women, but once Muslim men saw their prophet taking multiple wives himself, they began looking at them differently and accepting them into their own lives. Today there are millions of Muslims living throughout North America alone who are descended from these unions. Muhammad’s preaching and teachings: The Qur’an is believed to be divinely revealed through Gabriel to Muhammad over 23 years beginning in 610 CE. The revelations were sometimes conveyed through angelic messengers or other heavenly beings, including Jibril (Gabriel), Michael, Israfil, and others. n 613 CE, Muhammad began receiving revelations from God through the angel Gabriel. Muhammad (PBUH) was deeply distressed upon receiving his first revelation and fell unconscious. These revelations would eventually form what we now know as the Quran, which means recitation in Arabic; it is considered to be divinely revealed scripture.
Sunnah: A model for Muslims۔
The way Muslims have been practicing Islam for centuries is through following the sunnah, which means the trodden path or path of those before us who were on a righteous path. Sunnah includes all aspects of what Muhammad said, did, approved, or disapproved during his lifetime—not just about Islamic law but also everyday life. Many hadiths describe how he treated people, how he ate, and how he spoke with others. There are also accounts of him doing various acts of kindness such as feeding orphans, giving gifts to widows, etc., so we can follow these actions as well. For example, Feeding animals was an act of kindness that Muhammad saw would teach compassion towards animals and provide food for humans who may be starving at some point in time. So when you see an animal out on its own, it’s your responsibility to feed it. (Bukhari) It is narrated by Abu Hurairah that: Allah’s Messenger said, While two persons were riding a horse, one sat behind the other, and both of them made his mount run like a maniac. The Apostle of Allah asked them: Are you crazy? They replied: Yes. He again asked: What made you do so? They replied: We took an oath that we would make our horses run like maniacs. He then said: Break your oath. Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar: Allah’s Messenger forbade laughing at a person who passes wind and says: Break your oath . . .
13 Important Lessons to Learn From the Life of Prophet Mohammadﷺ
وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَـٰكَ إِلَّا مُبَشِّرًۭا وَنَذِيرًۭا
.قُلْ مَآ أَسْـَٔلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ إِلَّا مَن شَآءَ أَن يَتَّخِذَ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِۦ سَبِيلًۭا
“And We have sent you ˹O Prophet˺ only as a deliverer of good news and a warner. Say, “I do not ask you for any reward for this ˹message˺, but whoever wishes, let them pursue the Way to their Lord.” quran
- Seize every opportunity: In his early years, the Prophet Muhammad PBUH seized every opportunity that came his way. He worked hard and took advantage of every opportunity to learn and grow. As a result, he became one of the most successful people in history.
- Be patient: The Prophet Muhammad PBUH was incredibly patient. He faced many challenges and setbacks throughout his life, but he never gave up. He always kept moving forward, and as a result, he achieved great things.
- Persevere: The Prophet Muhammad PBUH never gave up, no matter how difficult things became. He persevered through everything and ultimately achieved his goals.
- 4.Be humble: The Prophet Muhammad PBUH was always humble, even though he was one of the most successful people in history. He never lorded his success over others, and always remained modest and down-to-earth.
- Be generous: The Prophet Muhammad PBUH was always generous, both with his time and with his resources. He regularly helped others, even those who were not close to him, and he did not hesitate to share what he had with those in need.
- Be kind: The Prophet Muhammad PBUH was always kind to others, regardless of who they were or what they had done. He treated everyone with respect and compassion, and as a result, he won the hearts of many people throughout his life.
- The importance of having a strong belief in Allah – Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) always had a strong belief in Allah and this is what helped him through all the challenges he faced in his life.
- The importance of being truthful – Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was always honest and this is something that we should all strive to be.
- The importance of being patient – Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) went through a lot of trials and tribulations in his life but he remained patient throughout it all and never lost faith.
- The importance of being kind – Even though he was treated harshly at times, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) always showed kindness to others and this is a lesson that we can all learn from.
- The importance of being grateful – Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was always thankful for everything that Allah had given him and this is something that we should all do.
- The importance of helping others – Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) always helped those who were in need and this is something that we should all try to do.
- 13.The importance of being Just – In everything he did, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) tried to be just and fair and this is something that we should all aspire to be.
Death of prophet Muhammad PBUH:
Muslims throughout the world were saddened at the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) passing. With his passing, an era came to an end. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was among the most significant figures in history. A few months after the final pilgrimage, Muhammad became ill and battled a fever, headaches, and weakness for a few days. In the home of his wife Aisha, he passed away on Monday, June 8, 632, in Medina, at the age of 62 or 63.  His last words were,
“O Allah, to Ar-Rafiq Al-A’la (exalted friend, highest Friend, or the uppermost, highest Friend in heaven),”
as he lay his head on Aisha’s lap and asked her to dispose of his seven coins, which represented his possessions in this world.
The death of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was truly a sad day for Muslims all over the world. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was such an amazing person – he was kind, compassionate, just, and had so much wisdom. He was also a great leader, and his death left a huge void in the Muslim community.